Citizen Information System (CIS)

It always seem impossible till it’s done – Nelson Mandela (2018-2019)
Over the years the need for databases have increased drastically in basic human activities such as buying and selling, mobile and web applications and even advanced fields like machine learning and artificial intelligence. Developed countries around the world have a database that contains all their citizens information not just this but they also ensure that data is collected in every area such as education, health, security and industry, this ensures data integrity.
Among all countries in the world the Federal Republic of Nigeria is categorized as a developing country. Nigeria is regarded as the “Giant of Africa”, if the giant of Africa is said to be a developing country then Africa is yet to be developed. In reality Nigeria is not far from development like global ratings and common opinion say she is, Little things that seem irrelevant makes a difference. The need for databases has always been overlooked in Nigeria, It is rare to see a budget allocated to providing data about Nigerian citizens and assets. All forms of data available in the country are provided by organizations like schools, hospitals, and others and when this data is requested for it is available as a manual record and there is no process of automation involved. Nigeria conducted a census 2006 and the population was estimated to be 140,003,542 according to the chairman of the National Population Commission(NPC), Chief Samuila Makama . Population figures at the time determined not only parliamentary representation but also revenue allocation and employee distribution in the civil service. Nigeria has been due for another population since 2016 but there’s a lack of fund (the Nigerian government can only fund 51% of the costs and is relying on donors to fund the remaining 49%). The population of Nigeria by midyear is estimated to be 206,139,589 according to the United Nation’s data, This current population figure of Nigeria is an estimate due to the lack of a valid population figure by Nigeria itself , It still remains a question on how budgets are allocated since the last time a census was conducted in Nigeria is 2006, The main issue is not the problem of conducting a census or having a confident population figure but lack of a reliable that database that contains detailed information of Nigerian citizens . The strength of a country dwells in its accountability, developed countries have databases that provide information on not only their citizens and immigrants but also other countries.

Importance of a National Database
• Resource Allocation: Resource allocation is very crucial in the development of each state in the country, when resources are misallocated there are excess funds available after carrying out major projects, this results in cases of embezzlement of funds by leaders after all projects have been effectively funded the left overs can be used for their personal purpose. A properly allocated budget promotes proper accountability since all resources have been carefully allocated any form of mismanagement leader subject to questioning. .
• Urban and Regional Planning- Urban and Regional planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use built environment, including air, water and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas such as transportation, communications and distribution networks. Population figure can help the government in town planning and developing structures for every community
• Security: The lack of adequate security in Nigeria can’t be denied, cases of kidnapping, robbery, rape and other inhumane criminal activities are hardly solved and scenarios of selecting suspects at random at security agencies aren’t rare either, in extreme situations the accused gets shot without getting a fair hearing. With the presence of a database a background check can be performed, information obtained from this background check (such as – residential address, criminal record) improves chances of finding the culprit.
• Identification: The need for identification has increased gradually over the years even smartphones now come with finger print scanners and face unlock systems that helps to show ownership of the device. A national database will contain several images of it’s citizens and other biometric information like fingerprint data and DNA structure. This data helps in recognition, matching and can also be applied in security for example a facial recognition scan can be used to identify a person in a CCTV live footage and fingerprints obtained at a crime scene can be matched to another fingerprint in the database.
• Amenities: One of the primary features of a database is it’s ability to be queried and be filtered. Social amenities can be provided in the right amount with a database, a database can be filtered to get the total number of children in a particular state or local government area, this kind of data can help in determining the number of schools and educational materials to provide, it can also help to determine the level of security a certain community needs.

Citizen Information System(CIS)
The Citizen Information system is a web application I designed to solve the shortcomings of a credible database system in Nigeria. It is a system that allows the creation and management of data. It also contains extra tools for facial recognition fingerprint/biometric verification, data visualization and other tools. It is fast, user friendly and can be maintained. The web application is designed to function on a desktop computer.

How to use CIS
When the home page of the application is opened various options and tools are listed for the administrator to use.
The administrator then clicks the create profile option to create a profile for each individual . A profile contains all information related to an individual’s identity. After a profile has been created the data can be accessed by searching through the home page of the application
If a profile exist it is returned else a no result alert is given Every profile can also be updated and deleted this ensures that data is managed and data integrity is kept in check. Also the system contains a facial recognition tool which helps to confirm the identities of people, various images of individuals would have been captured already to provide enough data for classification. To use the facial recognition tool an image is uploaded and a name is returned through a command line tool otherwise a no result error is thrown Once a name is gotten the name is then queried to confirm the identity of the individual. Other tools still in development are the biometric verification data visualization DNA analysis and location tracking tool.

Potential Obstacles
• False Data – During the registration process there’s always the possibility of being fed false data like a person giving a wrong name a wrong address or even a phone number. This can’t be avoided since there’s no data source to confirm whether the information provided is a valid one.
• Shortage of Personnel – Getting a system like this into action requires a large number of personnel to be trained on how to work with the system and it the system also required professional and skilled personnel like information security experts, network and server engineers to be maintained.
• Cost: Computer, Servers and all other resources are required for this system to function properly therefore a reasonable amount of budget must be allocated to providing all utilities.
• Indifference – When this system is declared public everyone is expected to register their data but a particular category of the masses will deem the registration as a waste of their time which will result in their indifference towards the exercise, they might even introduce extreme methods to prevent citizens form registering.
• Data Duplication – There can be cases of data duplication, this can be a situation where a person decides to register twice with different identities, It’s possible for individuals to be paid just to create different profiles so as to create a false population count of a community.
• Time – It will take a long amount of time gathering data around the nation therefore the end of the registration exercise can’t be estimated.

Solutions to Obstacles
• Training – The data of every individual must be kept confidential and protected, leaking their personal information can compromise their safety therefore only selected professionals who are willing to work with the system will be employed. A system requires citizens who are willing to serve their country.
• Biometric Registration – The system collects biometric data like fingerprint, facial data from every individual that is registered, this eliminates the risk of data duplication as only one person can have a fingerprint.
• Budgeting – Though the system requires a lot of computers to function the registration exercise doesn’t require a high end computer systems so low end systems like laptops will efficiently fine in registering individuals.
• Updating – Though false data can still be given but overtime this database will be updated and false information will start to reduce, one important way of reducing risks of false data is to introduce this system into every sector therefore any other form of false data can be double checked.

Advantages
• Employment – Over the years this database will continue to grow larger and will be applied in several areas including the military therefore more employees are needed to make this function possible in each sector.
• Security – The facial recognition, biometric verification and location tracking tools can be applied in security, this system works hand in hand with security systems therefore improving national security this will cause a great change in the security state of the nation.
• Research – Public data made available can be used for the purpose of research. Through research several solutions that will ensure the development of the country can be invented, Also this data can be used in predictive analysis.
• Planning – The system provides important data that will help the government build infrastructure and also allocate resources properly, development problem involving education, health, poverty and town planning ,can also be battled with this system.

Conclusion
National development can not occur with the absence of a reliable and credible database from which statistical data can be drawn, Without good data project formulation, planning, execution, monitoring and evaluation of development programmes will be handicapped. The citizen information system is the catalyst that will facilitate the development of Nigeria. God Bless Nigeria.

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  1. ปั้มไลค์
    ปั้มไลค์ says:

    Like!! I blog frequently and I really thank you for your content. The article has truly peaked my interest.

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